18650 storage


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Tex

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Jun 5, 2022
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Hi All,
Newbie here.
I have a Opus charger/tester for 18650 cells, and quite a collection currently of tested charged cells, my question is should I run them all through the charger again using the "Storage" setting, or can they be left fully charged?
 

paddy72

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Nov 17, 2021
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But store them in a cool place when fully charged. Best to store them is 50% SoC and a cool dry place. If 100% full and warm area degradation rate is much higher than in a cool place at 50%. I prefer to store them at 3.7 - 3.9 V level.
 

Korishan

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Time is also a determining factor. If they are only going to be there a month or so, then probably fine. But if time frame is looking to be more like 6 months, might want to consider dropping the voltage slightly.
And definitely in a cooler location
 

OffGridInTheCity

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Dec 15, 2018
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I store mine at 3.6v. I toss self-dischargers and then use my iCharger X8 storage option along with magnets and nickel strips to discharge 20+ cells at a time - makes quick work of bringing down a few hundred cells left over from a battery build.

From what I've read, the idea is that when you lower the voltage the chemistry in the cell becomes quiesced and doesn't damage the cathodes/anodes/internals. The 3.6v-3.9v range is believed to be a sweet spot of maximum chemical quiet. However, even lowering things to 4.0v is better than leaving it at 4.15v from comments I've read.

Note: I recently had use for a batch of 100 cells that I had stored at house temp 2+ years ago at 3.6v - and they retested OK / added them to the current battery build with full confidence.
 
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paddy72

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Nov 17, 2021
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I have some cells stored in the fridge at 3.7V for over 10 years and they still kept their voltage and are o.k. I agree with storing them at lowest SoC possible but without danger of deep discharge. So for me 3.7 - 3.8 V is nearly the best level for storage. I check the voltage twice a year and rarely find a cell below 3.6 when i start to recharge a bit.
 

italianuser

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Feb 25, 2020
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I have some cells stored in the fridge at 3.7V for over 10 years and they still kept their voltage and are o.k. I agree with storing them at lowest SoC possible but without danger of deep discharge. So for me 3.7 - 3.8 V is nearly the best level for storage. I check the voltage twice a year and rarely find a cell below 3.6 when i start to recharge a bit.
Must be careful not to make a hotdog with them:D
 

Tex

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Thanks guys,

All good, currently stored at VERY cold temperatures (Melbourne 13C at the moment).
 

Tex

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Jun 5, 2022
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Ok, new conundrum,
Got a few of these packs and I need to reconfigure them into 3 cells side by side, so no real big change to the BMS wiring.
But it got me to thinking, this seems a very weird way to wire up a battery BMS to me with two negative wires carrying the current.
BTW the BMs can do two batteries, I took a dead BMS and swapped the centre tap to the other pad and it worked fine. pretty sure they are cheap and nasty, ordered some replacements.
Still trying to identify the cells.

Oh! almost forgot how would I wire some balance cable for the charger in that case?
 

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Korishan

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how would I wire some balance cable for the charger in the case?
Kinda the same way you did the bms, there. You have a lead that goes between the Pos/Neg of each series group.
If you have 6s (with the bms connecting 2s), then you'd put a balance lead between each cell. If you have 12s, with 6 groups of 2s, then you'd put the balance leads between each 2s group. Depends on what series you're going for.
 

Tex

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Yes I know how to do 2S but this pack is actually 1S.
My real issue now is whilst my little Accucell s60 charger is very good it can't do 1S which is what this pack is (and will be). I do like the Accucell s60 because it has a lot of capability and gives a final volt and capacity reading of a pack after charging, but it won't charge less than a 2S pack and won't work without balance leads, bummer.
 

Tex

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I always have trouble with this, can somebody please confirm (or otherwise) my calculations for this layout?
 

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Korishan

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Math is correct.

is this actual battery layout, or are you just planning? It would be better if you had all the parallel cells together, and then serial them to 4s. That way only 1 bms is needed.
Or, you could take a balance lead from one pack to the next of the same group.
 

Tex

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Thanks for that.
That was just my interpretation of this battery pack I was just given with new cells but a buggered BMS.
It's a big flat pack with 10P 4S and the balance lead coming off the end of the series strip (as I see it).
I don't mind keeping this format as I won't need to spot weld anything, just replace the BMS.
However, I think it was used for lighting (light load), I am a bit concerned about that little strip joining each "pack" if I put a decent load on it like my low voltage portable fridge??
 

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Tex

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Kinda the same way you did the bms, there. You have a lead that goes between the Pos/Neg of each series group.
If you have 6s (with the bms connecting 2s), then you'd put a balance lead between each cell. If you have 12s, with 6 groups of 2s, then you'd put the balance leads between each 2s group. Depends on what series you're going for.
Trying this out at the moment, just trying to establish the end pack amp hour rating after charge/test cycle on the hobby charger.
 

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Korishan

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I am a bit concerned about that little strip joining each "pack" if I put a decent load on it like my low voltage portable fridge??
The nickel strip should be able to handle 5A pretty well. So putting a heavier load on them should be fine. Especially if you parallel up the packs

I don't mind keeping this format as I won't need to spot weld anything, just replace the BMS.
What you could do considering they are already in strip packs, is to stack each of the packs together in parallel with polarities matching. Then run a nickel strip across them to tie them together. Or you could just connect all the balance leads together, which would probably be sufficient as all the packs are possibly the same age, roughly(?). This will make it so you only need one major/smarter BMS instead of using those cheap boards.
 

Tex

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Thanks.
Yes I will have a look at the possible configurations in relation to storage location, numerous possibilities.
At the moment I am struggling to find some more granular detail on these cells, I'm looking for the charge and discharge C ratings, anyone?
Code is IFR26650-33A VP17I05C31209.
Can't find anything one the Net. I have put the question to https://www.gobelpower.com/lifepo4_decoder.html but they are shut till Monday.
 

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Korishan

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Tex

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You're a champ!
It's close, 9.6Whr versus mine 10.56Whr, but I think the C rates would be pretty much the same.
Many thanks.
 

Tex

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Howdy all,

New problem, even though I wired my van with a separate port BMS, I am having a total brain fade on this little system for my portable fridge.
60 amp x 20 amp BMS turned up this morning, battery pack is ready to connect, regulator is mounted on the back of the panel already, I am just stuck on the correct configuration! my brain is starting to hurt (again).
 

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